January 15, 2011

The History of Chinese New Year

January 15, 2011

Chinese New Year, Lunar New Year, or Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is often inaccurately called "Lunar New Year", because—as part of the lunisolar Chinese calendar—the date is partially determined based on lunar phase. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first month (Chinese: 正月; pinyin: zhēng yuè) in the Chinese calendar and ends with Lantern Festival which is on the 15th day. Chinese New Year's Eve, a day where Chinese families gather for their annual reunion dinner, is known as chú xī (除夕). It literally means "Year-pass Eve". 

Because the Lunar New Year celebrations came from peasant culture, then all forms of offerings are in the form of various types of food. Ideally, in any event at least 12 prayer Lunar presented 12 kinds of cuisine and cakes representing the zodiac symbols that totaled 12. In China, the noodle dish that must be long-lived (siu noodles) and wine. In Indonesia, selected dishes usually dishes that have meaning 'prosperity,' 'longevity,' 'salvation,' or 'happiness,' and is a favorite dish of the ancestors.

The cakes are usually served more sweeter than ever. Hopefully, next year life becomes sweeter. In addition, layer cake served also as a symbol of sustenance in layers. Cup cake and cake is also a food basket that must be served at the time praying to welcome the arrival of Chinese New Year. Usually cake baskets are prepared to top with a red bowl cake on top. It is a symbol of life an increasingly uphill sweet and blossom like a cake bowl.

The food there is also avoided and not served, such as porridge. Porridge was not served because these foods symbolize poverty.

The twelve dishes were then arranged in praying that the front desk hung with a special fabric that is usually a red dragon picture. Homeowners then summoned his ancestors prayed to eat dishes that are served.

On the night of the new year people usually eat at home or in restaurants. After finishing their dinner staying up all night with the door wide open for sustenance can come into the house freely. On a typical snack time is provided by the Lunar form of pumpkin seeds, peanuts, and candy.

At the time of Chinese New Year, the food should not be forgotten is the layer of sticky, cake nastar, syringe cake, cake roses, as well as sweets and fro. In order for the mind becomes clearer, provided the printed gelatin like a star as a symbol of a bright life.

Seven days after the Lunar New Year is praying to the Creator. The goal is to bow down to Him and ask for a better life in the new year be entered.

Fifteen days after the Lunar New Year is a celebration called the Cap Go Meh. Chinese Community in Semarang celebrate by presenting lontong Cap Go Meh consisting of rice cake, chicken opor, ve eggplant, eggs pindang, satay abing, and sambal docang. Meanwhile in Jakarta, the menu is a rice cake, vegetable godog, pindang eggs, and soy powder.

At the time of the celebration of Chinese New Year is also celebrated in the crowd that presents a variety of attractions lion dance and fireworks.

According to tales and legends, the beginning of Chinese New Year started with the fight against a mythical beast called the Nien (Chinese: 年; pinyin: nián). Nien would come on the first day of New Year to devour livestock, crops, and even villagers, especially children. To protect themselves, the villagers would put food in front of their doors at the beginning of every year. It was believed that after the Nien ate the food they prepared, it wouldn’t attack any more people. One time, people saw that the Nien was scared away by a little child wearing red. The villagers then understood that the Nien was afraid of the colour red. Hence, every time when the New Year was about to come, the villagers would hang red lanterns and red spring scrolls on windows and doors. People also used firecrackers to frighten away the Nien. From then on, Nien never came to the village again. The Nien was eventually captured by Hongjun Laozu, an ancient Taoist monk. The Nien became Hongjun Laozu's mount.

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