December 18, 2010

Spatial The Radakng House

December 18, 2010

In principle, radakng is a unit several houses are built one by one so as to form a long house (betang) with a unique social characteristics. Therefore, radakng not be equated with a shop or row house as usual in cities.The uniqueness can be seen in spatial and radakng function. The following functions and spatial picture of the house radakng:

1.    Pante, located at the front of the main building. This section is open with no roof, floors are rarely woven (dilalitn) with roots and rotan.Ada all of them using wire and paku.Sebagai the front of the building, Pante is located in the East. Therefore, the passage of light to obtain a very long time, so the function becomes a clothesline. Routinely, Pante be a place to dry clothes. At harvest time, Pante serves to dry or dry rice to be stored or ground.
      Sami ', an open space in front of the main building. Because open space sami 'wide corridor along the buildings forming radakng. Sami space 'is divided into three parts, namely: (1) side of the aisle, (2) the middle aisle, and (3) emphasis on the side of the front wall of the building. Third part sami 'respectively have the following functions.
a.    Side of the aisle, built by cubicle walls and pillars with a width of about one meter. The hallway is very effective at a certain point. For example, when the party took place this hall into the path that connects the front door to the booth.
b.    Center aisle, the extent of about 2.5 meters. At the moment there is a party or gathering this section into a seat to chat (bahaubm), meal (feast), and watch (art). At the moment there is no activity, the middle aisle has at least the following three functions. (1) as a way for residents to travel to neighboring property or other residents. (2) as a place to bide Ma'at (mengayam bide). Bide made of rattan and timaratn (arranging bark) can be used to cushion the sami 'and for drying “padi”. (3) as a place to manage the crop (save more money and ngayak the crop).
c.    Emphasis sami ', at least has three functions, namely (1) a seat to chat, (2) beds in radakng guests who visit, and a family craft activities, such as ngikis and ngalaet pasa'(cultivating bamboo for plaiting materials) , baranyam (webbing), matalas (knitting frame webbing), ngaraut ui (whittle rattan), ngaraut pabavo (whittle pabayo), ma'ang (webbing paradah pickaxe handle), nyusuk roof (ngayam sago leaves).

3.   Milik. Is the chamber that became the family room. Private property rights in this family developed and protected. Therefore, all activities related to the interests of panyubarakng (guests) are served in its emphasis sami '. Belong to the living space even smaller than the sami '. It shows that more families to provide homes for the public interest. As a place to sleep, have no property or room divider. In practice, privatization of property and are limited only by mosquito nets or bed / cot that is placed in the corners of the room. Other proprietary parts usually used to thrash out a plan of work or family problems that require special attention.

4.   Luakng Milik (Uakng Miik), an open space (such as Pante) with special functions, namely as a liaison main building / property with a home kitchen. The concept was originally luakng milik serves to anticipate the kitchen fire. Because of the open, luakng property can also be enabled to place a cloth clothesline. However, because of growing demand, that role can only survive until the 1960's. Entering the seventies, one by one luakng property began to be developed, thus strongly condemn the main building and kitchen.

5.   Jungkar (House Kitchen). As described previously, jungkar is separated from the main building. Jungkar layout, consisting of room to eat Tongko 'padapuratn (kitchen) and pahuangan (a place to store water and washing). In addition, in the first period (until the sixties) room can be transformed into a room jungkar (prostitute) to mothers who give birth. Because they can not be seen by everyone, maternal care done in the kitchen for seven days, until the ceremony batalah (naming) is done. For the freshness of the environment, back jungkar planted trees (coconut, fruits such as rambutan, guava, tan, similar to jackfruit, jackfruit, rambai, kluweh, etc.). Now the environment is planted with various plants are precisely known luakng milik property.

2 komentar:

dwiki himawan said...

ijin kopas ya, buat tugas :D
great info

Diajeng Indria Kusumawardhani said...

Sory for late reply. hehehehe iya monggo, semoga hasil riset saya pribadi bermanfaat utk masyarakat yg peduli dengan budaya milik Indonesia salah satunya suku dayak :)

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